Metro: Equity Baseline Report – Part 1: A Framework for Regional Equity click here to download pdf

Public Health Frame to understand the source, pattern, and impact of Inequity.


Social Determinants of Health to understand how social,economic, political and environmental exclusion/disparity become poor health/well being.



Root Causes: Individual/ Behavioral → Institutional/ Structural

Eg. Race/ism, Poverty, Discrimination


Racial & Economic Justice is the dual lens through to view disparity because in addition to identifying root causes (many of which stem from multigenerational racial and economic exclusion), this lens also helps create upstream solutions with the most significant ROI and impact to better the health/wealth of society.


Restorative Justice Approach as a means to heal/restore/include impacted citizens, to promote individual thriving,  community cohesion and achieve Metro’s desired outcomes.


Franz, J., Ellis, S., Goughnour, C., Hwang, D., Jama, K., Merrick, M., Riley, A., and Vergara-Monroy, G. (2015). Equity Baseline Report – Part 1: A Framework for Regional Equity. Adelante Mujeres, Asian Pacific American Network of Oregon, Center for Intercultural Organizing, Coalition for a Livable Future, OPAL – Environmental Justice Oregon, Portland State University – Institute of Portlan


The Key Role of Social Inclusion in Promoting Urban Social Sustainability: An Exploration and Application to Health Equity

By Jana L. Meinhold, Cat Goughnour, Ben Duncan, Veronica Dujon, LeRoy Patton, Eileen Muench Brennan and Jesse Dillard.

Published by The International Journal of Sustainability in Economic, Social and Cultural Context


Building upon a working definition of social sustainability as the processes and institutions that generate health and well-being now and in the future (Dillard, Dujon, and King 2009a), we argue that social inclusion is necessary to ensure that social processes yield collectively higher levels of societal well-being. Social inclusion requires that all persons have effective input into those development processes that affect them, within the current and anticipated constellations of social and economic power. Sen (1999) stated that the purpose of development is to improve human lives by expanding the range of things that a person could be and do. To achieve these they must have access to certain freedoms: the ability to maintain themselves and to have the power or personal agency to bring about change in the world in which they live. Our paper reviews the central role of inclusion in promoting sustainability via an examination of the Community Partnership for Health and Equity, a university-community collaborative seeking to eliminate health disparities for low-income residents of Portland, Oregon, USA using a community-based participatory research approach.


2nd Annual Oregon Community Health Worker Association (ORCHWA)  Microaggressions

Important research on the impact, dynamics and manifestation of microaggressions has been done by educators and mental health providers. Microaggressions are everyday snubs and slights which target person’s racial, gender or sexual orientation or other group membership. They are nonverbal and verbal communications which can be intentional or unintentional and communicate hostile, derogatory or negative messages.


Microaggressions have been found to impair learning and to create a hostile and invalidating climate. In this workshop, participants will explore the process of recognizing, confronting, and dismantling their own oppressive behavior, as well as steps they can take in staying engaged even when the task seems overwhelming.


Learning Objectives

  • Understand how oppressive dominant perspectives are created.
  • Learn about the various layers of why people with dominant identities often refuse to confront the reality that oppression exists.
  • Describe the detrimental psychological effects that oppression has on oppressors.
  • Discuss participant experiences where they have struggled with un-learning oppression.
  • Identify tangible ways to help others in their own trajectories of un-learning oppression.
  • Explore ways in which, despite good intentions, actions may be oppressive and begin to develop strategies for interrupting that behavior.


Lewis and Clark College - Law School

Toward Community: On Racial Justice, Inclusion and Sustainability

This workshop will give participants an opportunity to learn how to use the history of the region to find holistic, inclusive and responsive solutions that increase access to opportunity and just outcomes for generations to come.


American Psychological Association

Effects of Gentrification on African American’s Health in Portland, OR

Over the past several decades, gentrification processes have resulted in the relocation of millions of low income minorities. Although there have been many studies that depict the effects of gentrification on neighborhoods, there is very little known about the health effects on individuals. The presenters, who are members of the Portland African American Leadership Academy and Portland State University, will introduce a pilot study of in-depth interviews with African American key informants and focus groups of African American men, who had lived in gentrified neighborhoods in N/NE Portland.


Topics addressed included the perceived effects of gentrification on communities and on the health of African American residents who stayed in gentrified neighborhoods, and those who left. Themes included: 1. Loss of sense of belonging/Sense of place; 2. Chronic stress, depression, and low self-esteem; 3.Disempowerment, powerlessness; 4. Decreased social support and 5. Poor maladaptive coping skills.


The presenters will open a discussion with the audience to discuss the results from the studies. The dialogue will begin with a large group presentation. Then most of the time will be spent in smaller groups, moderated by the presenters, where people will discuss issues, such as oppression, privilege, and implications for future studies.


Young Non-Profit Professionals of Oregon

Building Community: An Equitable and Inclusive Approach

Serial forced displacement of low income and communities of color in the name of New Urbanism – urban renewal of divested urban cores – is a public health crisis, which will require creative and innovative solutions to redress and reverse it’s deleterious effects; an equitable and inclusive approach to (re)building community is vital.


Wy’East Unitarian Universalist Church

Toward Community: Racial Justice and Inclusion

Cat Goughnour is a dedicated community advocate, activist and mentor, committed to including the perspective of “mixedrace” people in conversations about race, human rights and equity. From being a minority in Oregon, and enriched by her academic understanding of racial justice and inclusion, she’ll invite us to look at racism and unconscious bias during these “postracial” times, and making a difference in Portland with all of the above.




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